Suicidal Ideation among Psychiatric Outpatients in Erbil City

Proceedings of the Third International Conference of the College of Medicine, Hawler Medical University

Suicidal Ideation among Psychiatric Outpatients in Erbil City

Hemin Kurshid Rasheed, Erbil Directorate of Health, Erbil, Iraq

Banaz Adnan Saeed, Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Iraq

E-mail: [email protected]

DOI: 10.15218/com.03.01

Published: 21 Jan 2019

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Abstract

Background and objectives: Suicide is common among psychiatric patients. Suicidal ideation is the most common of all suicidal behavior. We aimed to study the prevalence of suicidal ideation as well as demographic and clinical risk factors for suicidal ideation among psychiatric outpatients.

Methods: A total of 350 psychiatric patients with mean age of 39.35 year who did visit the psychiatric outpatient unit of Hawler Teaching Hospital from June to December 2017 were assessed for prevalence and the risk factors of suicidal ideation by adopting standardized diagnostic and symptoms rating scales.

Results: 68.7% of the sample shows suicidal ideation. No particular demographic variable was a significant predictor for current suicidal ideation. However, past history of suicide attempt (P = 0.001), family history of suicide (P = 0.01), concurrent hopelessness (P = 0.001), and high level of stressful event (P = 0.001) were more predictive for current suicidal ideation.

Conclusions: When assessing psychiatric patients, suicidal ideation is an essential constituent of assessment. Attention must be given to history of suicide attempt, family history of suicide, concurrent hopeless and stressful life events.

Keywords: Suicide, Suicidal ideation, Psychiatric disorders, Risk factors

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